Referaty
Home
Anglictina
Biologie
Chemie
Dejepis-Historie
Diplom-Projekt
Ekonomie
Filozofie
Finance
Fyzika
Informatika
Literatura
Management
Marketing
Medicina
Nemcina
Ostatni
Politika
Pravo
Psychologie
Public-relations
Sociologie
Technologie
Zemepis-Geografie
Zivotopisy




























Téma, Esej na téma, Referátu, Referát, Referaty Semestrální práce:

Ernest Hemingway - The Old Man and the Sea

Ernest Hemingway - The Old Man and the Sea

 

HIS LIFE

Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on 21st July 1899 in American town Oak Park in Illinois as a first son of the doctor Clarence Hemingway and his wife Grace Hall. He was one of the six children in this family. His favourite activity on the secondary school was football and box. When he was 19, he went as a volunteer of the Red Cross to the Italy. After three months in the war he was hard-injured. But after next four months the war was finished. He come back to the USA and there he was working as a reporter.

In his literal beginnings he wrote a lot of novels and stories. The most important is Men without Women and Three Stories and Ten Poems. His next novel The Sun Also Rises (Fiesta) was very successful too. It’s about The Lost Generation. In 1928 he got divorced with his first wife Pauline Pfeiffer. Then he came back to the USA. In that time he finished the next novel A Farewell to Arms. After that he departed to Africa. There he wrote the novel The Green Hills of Africa. His next novel For Whom The Bell Tolls is about the civil war. In 1952 he edited the novelette The Old Man And The Sea. It had a big success by critics and readers. On 4th May 1953 he received the Pullitzer Prize for literature and in august The Prize of Italian book-sellers for The Old Man And The Sea. This book made him well-known. In 1954 he received from American Academy of Arts and Letters the Merit Award. On 25th October 1954 he got the Nobel Prize for literature. In his expression he spoke about the singleness of the writer.

The rest of his life he spent at Cuba, in the hopeless fight with an old age. The depression took him to the suicide. 43556hkc22cyl1r

He shot himself on 2nd July 1961 in Ketchum in Idaho.

ky556h3422cyyl

 

ky556h3422cyyl

 

THE WHOLE STORY

An old Cuban fisherman Santiago goes to the sea after 84 days without a catch. He goes without the Boy, which was helping him for first forty days. Two days and two nights a gigantic marlin, which has caught itself on the Boy-made bait, trails his boat to the sea. Almost after he kill the fish with a harpoon and at the point of his power he fixes it to the boat, the sharps begin to attacking on the dead merlin. Although an Old man is struggling with them, they eat a fish. He returns to the village half-dead of tiredness.

 

It’s very easy story about the eternal fight between the Man (Santiago), the Nature (merlin) and the Evil (sharks). There is a lot of references to symbology of the Christianity. It includes the tragic feeling and it’s about the sense of human life( the killing, but the suffering too, is a component of it). The old man wants to manage himself, that the honourable fight is more important, than the chase for money. This man can be destroyed, but not defeated, because hope is his duty.

The first impression of The Old Man And The Sea was in the magazine called Life, and it’s sometimes denoted like a first part of ,,The Big Book’’, which he would write in Venezia, where he lived after the second world war. The film The Old Man And The Sea was shooting in 1957( directed by J.Sturges,USA).